Seven years ago the U.S. District Judge Patricia Seitz has sentenced Peruvian national Manuel G. Arias Silva (to 21 months with three years supervised release and a fine of $5000) for attempt to import into the U.S. protected orchid specimens, including specifically specimens of the genus Phragmipedium, commonly known as Tropical Lady’s Slipper Orchids. All species of orchids are protected under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).
The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora is a treaty to which the United States and Peru, along with over 160 other nations, are parties. The United States implements CITES through the Endangered Species Act. Certain species of orchids are listed on Appendix I of CITES, including all species of the genus Phragmipedium.