Orchidelirium is the name given to the 19th century phenomenon of orchid collection mania that started in England. New exotic orchid species were sold at auctions in London, fetching exorbitant prices. Rich orchid collectors of the Victorian era sent agents to far parts of the world in search of exotic varieties of orchids. Two important highlights that reflect this period:
- 19th century: Orchids are at the height of popularity and fashion for the affluent class during the Victorian Era.
- 1862: Charles Darwin publishes On the various contrivances by which British and foreign orchids are fertilised by insects, and on the good effects of intercrossing